Over the last few decades, calls for agricultural intensification in developing countries have come from many actors, with different motivations, across multiple scales. At the global scale, many agricultural scientists and food security experts claim that intensification is necessary to feed a growing population (FAO et al., 2017; Hunter et al., 2017; Tilman et al., 2011). Many conservationists also advocate for intensification, claiming that it is necessary to conserve biodiversity by preventing agricultural expansion into natural habitats (Garnett et al., 2013; Godfray et al., 2010; Phalan et al., 2011). Donors, development professionals, and national policymakers often see intensification as a way to raise rural incomes and stimulate development (Dawson).
Read the article in Global Food Security.