The emergence of megaregions across the globe is an unplanned experiment in urban growth that often encompasses multiple ecoregions, multiple governance arrangements, and biogeochemical interdependencies. This pursuit will use the Washington, DC-to-Boston urban megaregion as a case study to explore the linkages between urban infrastructure, ecological thresholds, governance strategies, and coupled biogeochemical cycles.
The time scales over which ecological systems respond to signals from their environments (both human and nonhuman) are subject to physical and biological constraints—species populations can only grow so fast; coral larvae can only re-colonize devastated reefs with limited speed; rivers release nutrients stored in sediments over decades, if not millennia. Humans often take action, and expect a response, over much shorter time scales—a few months to a few decades, at most.
Bringing together colleagues from both academia and the world of practice, participants in this synthesis project will develop a more acute and systematic understanding of the promise and limits of environmental governance in relation to the long term sustainability of social-ecological/human-environmental systems.
In recent years, extensive research has emerged on the role of non-state actors within environmental decision-making, stewardship, and governance. This research has focused on a variety of environmental issues/policy domains and at multiple scales of governance, from the local to the transnational.
As De Solla Price noted in 1965, scholarly literature forms a vast network - where the nodes are the millions of papers published in scholarly journals and the links are the hundreds of millions of citations connecting these papers. New approaches to measuring and mapping citation networks are improving our ability to identify influential articles, scholars, and institutions that have spurred new fields of research or bridged existing
A defining characteristic of socio-environmental systems, meaning linked systems of human communities and their environmental contexts, is the diversity of their economic or livelihood base. Members of an agrarian community can, for example, grow one strain of corn, multiple strains of corn, or some mix of corn, beans, and peaches.
The dramatic feature of social media is that it gives everyone a voice: anyone can speak out and express their opinion to a crowd of followers with little or no cost or effort, which creates a loud and potentially overwhelming marketplace of ideas. The good news is that organizations have more data than ever about what their consumers are saying about their brand. The bad news is that this huge amount of data is difficult to sift through.
Arctic communities are experiencing unprecedented challenges caused by global forces of climatic, economic, ecological, political, and cultural change. The mixed cash-subsistence economies of rural villages reflect the complex interplay among these forces, so understanding the relationship between contemporary practices and accumulated cultural values, norms, and institutions can guide efforts to assess individual adaptability and community resilience.
The rapid acceleration of 21st century science has revealed that nature is rife with complexity, but the gap between science practice and science education is widening.