This article introduces core concepts and theories in the evolution of kinship and reviews empirical research that applies these perspectives to understand individual physiology, behavior, and social structure. After presenting theoretical definitions and methods used to measure genetic relatedness, the article reviews the mechanisms individuals use to recognize one another as kin. Research on inclusive fitness and kin selection demonstrates how relatedness between individuals affects individual actions and social interactions. This work establishes connections between the evolution of kinship and research on multilevel selection and major transitions in the evolution of complexity. A brief review suggests how the unique features of human kinship can illustrate the interactions between evolution, culture, and multiple pathways of inheritance.
Access this resource online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.81041-7